Sentence Types

  • Simple - One independent clause

  • Compound – Two independent clauses joined with a coordinate conjunction, a semicolon, or a conjunctive adverb. A compound sentence is used to link two ideas of equal rank.
    • single coordinate conjunctions: and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet
    • double coordinate conjunctions: either...or, neither...nor, both...and, not only...but also

  • Complex – One independent clause and one or more dependent clauses - the idea in the dependent clause carries less emphasis than that in the independent clause.

    Examples of some subordinate conjunctions: because, as if, even though, since, so that, where, whereas, when, whenever, as though, no that, although, if, once, provided that, though, unless, than, while, before, as soon as, as, after

    Please note that different subordinate conjunctions serve different purposes in sentences.

  • Compound complex - Two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses - allows the writer to present a more intricate relationship between ideas by combining the purposes of the compound and complex sentences.

  • Loose - Modifiers after the main sentence; mirrors conversation and is usually used for informal writing.

  • Periodic - Modifiers before the main statement - lends a formal note to what is being said, slowing its pace, adding cadence, and making it more serious.

  • Interrupted - Modifiers within the main statement - between the subject and the predicate or emphasis

  • Balanced - A special form of parallelism that positions two grammatically equivalent ideas on opposite sides of some pivotal point, such as a word or punctuation mark.

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